view doc/developer.rst @ 3684:8353cc3b8db9 0.9

component AP gateway: fix wrong operator when testing HTTP code
author Goffi <goffi@goffi.org>
date Mon, 27 Sep 2021 08:29:09 +0200
parents 25d3677701e7
children
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.. _developer:

=======================
Developer Documentation
=======================

This documentation is intended for people who wants to contribute or work with the
internals of the project, it is not for end-users.

Storage
=======

Since version 0.9, Libervia uses SQLAlchemy_ with its Object–Relational Mapping as a
backend to store persistent data, and Alembic_ is used to handle schema and data
migrations.

SQLite_ is currently the only supported database, but it is planned to add support for
other ones (notably PostgreSQL), probably during the development of 0.9 version.

The mapping is done in ``sat.memory.sqla_mapping`` and working with database is done
through high level methods found in ``sat.memory.sqla``.

Before the move to SQLAlchemy, there was a strict separation between database
implementation and the rest of the code. With 0.9, objects mapping to database can be used
and manipulated directly outside of ``sat.memory.sqla`` to take profit of SQLAlchemy
possibilities.

Database state is detected when the backend starts, and the database will be created or
migrated automatically if necessary.

To create a new migration script, ``Alembic`` may be used directly. To do so, be sure to
have an up-to-date database (and a backup in case of troubles), then activate the virtual
environment where Libervia is installed (Alembic needs to access ORM mapping), go to
``sat/memory/migration`` directory, and enter the following command::

  alembic revision --autogenerate -m "some revision message"

This will create a base migration file in ``versions`` directory. Adapt it to your needs,
try to create both ``upgrade`` and ``downgrade`` method whenever possible, and be sure to
test it in both directions (``alembic upgrade head`` and ``alembic downgrade
<previous_revision>``). Please check Alembic documentation for more details.

.. _SQLALchemy: https://www.sqlalchemy.org/
.. _Alembic: https://alembic.sqlalchemy.org/
.. _SQLite: https://sqlite.org

Pubsub Cache
============

There is an internal cache for pubsub nodes and items, which is done in
``plugin_pubsub_cache``. The ``PubsubNode`` and ``PubsubItem`` class are the one mapping
the database.

The cache is operated transparently to end-user, when a pubsub request is done, it uses a
trigger to check if the requested node is or must be cached, and if possible returns
result directly from database, otherwise it lets the normal workflow continue and query the
pubsub service.

To save resources, not all nodes are fully cached. When a node is checked, a series of
analysers are checked, and the first one matching is used to determine if the node must be
synchronised or not.

Analysers can be registered by any plugins using ``registerAnalyser`` method:

.. automethod:: sat.plugins.plugin_pubsub_cache.PubsubCache.registerAnalyser

If no analyser is found, ``to_sync`` is false, or an error happens during the caching,
the node won't be synchronised and the pubsub service will always be requested.

Specifying an optional **parser** will store parsed data in addition to the raw XML of the
items. This is more space consuming, but may be desired for the following reasons:

* the parsing is resource consuming (network call or some CPU intensive operations are
  done)
* it is desirable to to queries on parsed data. Indeed the parsed data is stored in a
  JSON_ field and its keys may be queried individually.

The Raw XML is kept as the cache operates transparently, and a plugin may need raw data, or
an user may be doing a low-level pubsub request.

.. _JSON: https://docs.sqlalchemy.org/en/14/core/type_basics.html#sqlalchemy.types.JSON