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Update to reflect current status
date Sat, 10 Nov 2012 23:43:15 +0000
parents 118f44d63e25
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#summary Client-side certificate management for Prosody
#labels Stage-Alpha

= Introduction =
[ XEP-0257] specifies a protocol for clients to store and manage client side certificates. When a client presents a stored client side certificate during the TLS handshake, it can log in without supplying a password (using SASL EXTERNAL). This makes it possible to have multiple devices accessing an account, without any of them needing to know the password, and makes it easier to revoke access for a single device.

= Details =

Each user can add their own certificates. These do not need to be signed by a trusted CA, yet they do need to be valid at the time of logging in and they should include an subjectAltName with otherName "id-on-xmppAddr" with the JID of the user.

== Generating your certificate ==

 # To generate your own certificate with a "id-on-xmppAddr" attribute using the command line {{{openssl}}} tool, first create a file called {{{client.cnf}}} with contents:
prompt = no
x509_extensions = v3_extensions
req_extensions = v3_extensions
distinguished_name = distinguished_name

extendedKeyUsage = clientAuth
keyUsage = digitalSignature,keyEncipherment
basicConstraints = CA:FALSE
subjectAltName = @subject_alternative_name

otherName.0 =;FORMAT:UTF8,UTF8:hamlet@shakespeare.lit

commonName = Your Name
emailAddress = hamlet@shakespeare.lit
 # Replace the values for {{{otherName.0}}} and {{{commonName}}} and {{{emailAddress}}} with your own values. The JID in {{{otherName.0}}} can either be a full JID or a bare JID, in the former case, the client can only use the resource specified in the resource. There are many other fields you can add, however, for SASL EXTERNAL, they will have no meaning. You can add more JIDs as {{{otherName.1}}}, {{{otherName.2}}}, etc.
 # Create a private key (as an example, a 4096 bits RSA key):
openssl genrsa -out client.key 4096
 # Create the certificate request:
openssl req -key client.key -new -out client.req -config client.cnf -extensions v3_extensions
 # Sign it yourself:
openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in client.req -signkey client.key -out client.crt -extfile client.cnf -extensions v3_extensions
 The 365 means the certificate will be valid for a year starting now.

The {{{client.key}}} *must* be kept secret, and is only needed by clients connecting using this certificate. The {{{client.crt}}} file contains the certificate that should be sent to the server using XEP-0257, and is also needed by clients connecting to the server. The {{{client.req}}} file is not needed anymore.

= Configuration =

(None yet)

= Compatibility =

||0.8||Untested. Probably doesn't.||

= Clients =


= TODO =
Possible options to add to the configuration:
 * Require certificates to be signed by a trusted CA.
 * Do not require a  id-on-xmppAddr
 * Remove expired certs after a certain time
 * Limit the number of certificates per user